CITY REGENERATION THROUGH ITS URBAN CONTEXT.
Continuing its investigation of design and construction methods for urban structures, Projects 5 explored the regeneration of the city from its golden industrial manufacturing past.
Once a textile factory that sheltered no less than thirty small companies employing 250 people, Can Ricart, in the borough of Poblenou, Barcelona, will soon be demolished to make way for new dwellings.
Students employed data-mapping and procedural translational techniques, the end objective was to set up design-and-build scenarios to capture the complexity of the city. From the point of view of the design itself, this methodology resulted in the shift from form-making to process-directing, which resulted in highly adapted and site-specific solutions. These solutions focus on systems for the growth of buildings as direct outcomes of the social, economic and material flows within cities, thus addressing the contingencies and ambiguities of contemporary societies.
Original text for the master plan.
The Rhythm of The Rural Village & The Metropolis
Nowadays, Barcelona is a well-known touristic city based on its historical culture. In the 19th century, during the modernist movement, Catalan urban planner Ildefons Cerdà integrated the small group of medieval villages into the so-called Eixample (‘Extension’), which gives a new continuous spatial linkage to Barcelona. Can Ricart is considered as one of the heritage sites from the industrial revolution which was located at the cross of the Diagonal Avenue and the Pere IV Street. The existing atmosphere defined by those small groups of heritage was kept in the master plan development. The new underground urban structure gives a new dimension and boundaries to emphasise the heritage.
The master plan of Can Ricart aims to generate a new layer from the existing neighbourhood which will create a tension between the metropolis and the rural villages. By taking the advantages of the context, the master plan was developed spatially into two parts which are according to the limits of the public space. Initially, in the urban area were contained functions with offices, restaurant, shopping mall and low density of dwellings which surrounded and define a new public square that also acts as an entrance hall of the cultural center (Heritage). Secondly, the rural village area was composed of groups of pre-existing buildings which also defined the open space between the buildings. It was planned to rehabilitate different kinds of cultural based functions; such as library, workshop, auditorium, museum, music school and sport center which also defined the in-between function of those rural squares of the heritages. Moreover, the rural squares were considered as a seamless spatial journey which was connected to the urban squares taking into consideration the continuity of the spatial rhythm in order to provide a sensible space to the neighbourhood.
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by Mia Pujol, ESARQ_UIC Team